Nepal (officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ) is a South Asian country based in the Indian subcontinent. Tibet is the autonomous region of China in the north of Nepal and India is located in the south, east and west. 81% of Nepalese citizens are Hindu. Nepal is the largest Hindu religion nation on a percentage basis of the world.
- Rivers Come Through Nepal To India
- Nepal’s River Makes Boundaries For Himalayas
- Koshi River In Nepal
- Movement of Democracy In Nepal
- Nepal’s Constitution Building Dispute
- Nepal-India Relationship
- Nepal Relation With Its Neighbour Countries
- Peace and Cooperation
- Role Of Nepal And India In Tiger Project
- Buddhism In Nepal
Rivers Come Through Nepal To India
Many rivers coming out of the Himalayas and merge in the Ganga river, list of some of them – Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gandak and Kosi. The river Yamuna originates from Yamunotri Himani of the Himalayas. It flows parallel to the right bank of the Ganges and meets in Ganga in Allahabad.
Ghaghra, Gandak and Kosi have originated from the Himalayans region of Nepal and most of the time these rivers create floods in some parts of the Northern Plains of India each year and they make the large-scale loss of life and property every year in the month of monsoon. The positive part of these rivers is they make the soil suitable for the agriculture and providing fertility.
Nepal’s River Makes Boundaries For Himalayas
The part of the Himalayas, situated between the Sutlej and the Black rivers, is also known as the Kumaon Himalayas. Black and Tista rivers called Nepal Himalayas while Teesta and Dihang rivers demarcate Assam Himalayas.
Koshi River In Nepal
Kosi is a predecessor river whose source is in the north of Mount Everest in Tibet, from where its mainstream Arun leaves. After crossing the central Himalaya in Nepal, it joins Son River from the west, Tamur Kosi from the East after merging all seven rivers it makes the Saptakosi.
The origin of the Sharda or Sarayu river is in the Himalayas of Nepal, where it is known as Gauranga. It flows along the Indo-Nepal border, where it is called Kali or Chain and Gariganga finished her journey in Ghaghra river.
Movement of Democracy In Nepal
In April of 2006, a strange public movement arose in Nepal and maybe you remember that Nepal is one of the countries of the third wave of democracy, where democracy was established in the 1990s.
The King formally became the head of the state in Nepal but the use of real power was in the hands of elected representatives by the public, Raja Virendra had accepted this changes. Raja Virendra was murdered in a mysterious slaughter of the Shahi clan and the new King of Nepal Gyanendra was not ready to accept democratic rule.
King Gyanendra benefited from the unpopularity and weakness of a democratically elected government. In February 2005 King Gyanendra dissolve the elected government by overthrowing the then Prime Minister. Again movement stood up in April 2006 and its aim was taking regime from the hands of the king and give again to the public.
Nepal’s Constitution Building Dispute
Creating a Constitution for a country is not an easy task and Nepal is an example of a complex process of making the Constitution. Since 1948, five constitutions has been created in Nepal, in 1948, 1951, 1959, 1962 and 1990, but all these Constitution have been created by the Nepali kings.
Multiparty democracy was introduced by the Constitution in 1990 but the monarch has all the power to take a decision.
The key point was What should the role of King in the Constitution? Some groups of Nepal were in favour of demolishing king’s power and establishing a democratic government in Nepal. Some people believed that the constitutional monarchy would remain useful with the limited role of the king. The King himself was not ready to give up the powers. Raja took all the powers in his hands In October 2002.
Many political parties and organizations were demanding the formation of a new Constituent Assembly. The Nepali Communist Party (Maoist) was at the forefront of the struggle of the Constituent Assembly.
Eventually, the king defeated in front of the pressure of mass movement. There was a government which was acceptable to the agitating parties and this government snatched almost all the powers of the king.
There are good relations between India and Nepal and there has been a treaty between the two countries, citizens of both countries can come and work in each other’s country without passport and visa by this treaty.
In spite of special relations, there are trade disputes between the two countries have arisen in the recent year. The Government of India has often expressed its displeasure over Nepal’s friendship with China and with this, the Nepal government does not take action against anti-India elements.
India’s security agencies consider the ongoing Maoist movement in Nepal as a threat to India’s security because in India there is a rise of Naxalite groups in different provinces from Bihar to Andhra Pradesh.
Many people in Nepal think that the Indian government is interfering in the internal affairs of Nepal and India will use rivers of Nepal for hydroelectric power.
Nepal is a landlocked country and Nepalese people think that India preventing him from reaching the sea through its land area. However, the relation between India and Nepal is strong and peaceful.
Regardless of the differences, both countries are together on trade, scientific cooperation, shared natural resources, power generation and water management grid issues. The restoration of democracy in Nepal is expected to strengthen the relations between the two countries.
Nepal Relation With Its Neighbour Countries
Not all quarrels in South Asia arisen between India and its neighbours. The waters of the Himalayan rivers are in jeopardy between Bangladesh and Nepal.
|India Gives NRs 1800 mn for River Training in Nepal|
India has provided the largest sum for river training in Nepal in a bid to control floods that also affect India during the monsoon season. Indian Ambassador Manjeev Singh Puri on May 15, 2018, handed over a cheque of NRs 180-74 million to Sanjay Sharma, Secretary in the Ministry of Energy Irrigation and Water Resources of Nepal, for taming and training the rivers. The river training and construction will carry on near the Indian border in three rivers.
The amount is India’s contribution for river training and construction of embankments along Lalbakeya, Bagmati and Kamla rivers, the Indian embassy said. The work is aimed at flood control and water resources management, which benefit several million people inhabiting in the watershed of these rivers in India and Nepal.
|PM Narendra Modi was on a two-day visit to Nepal on May 11-12, 2018.|
Before reaching Kathmandu, Modi arrived in Janakpur, the sacred city of Nepal associated with Ramayan’s Sita. In his address in response to the warm welcome extended to him, he said that Nepal comes first in India’s Neighbourhood First policy.
He along with Nepalese PM K.P. Sharma Oli laid the foundation of 900-Megawatt Arun III hydro-project. A Bus service from Janakpur to Ayodhya was also inaugurated. In a joint statement, both leaders resolved to take their relationship to new heights and to promote cooperation in different sectors of the economy, emphasising the need to reactivate the Nepal-India Joint Commission.
Peace and Cooperation
Do South Asia’s countries cooperate with each other OR do these countries only fight each other?
The countries of South Asia recognize the importance of friendly relations and cooperation among themselves despite the many conflicts. SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is a major step towards collaborating with multilateral resources by South Asian countries.
It started in 1985, Unfortunately, due to the presence of differences SAARC has not got much success and after failure SAARC member countries signed the ‘South Asian Free Trade Area Agreement’ (SAFTA) in 2002.
There was a promise of creating a free trade zone for the whole of South Asia. This agreement has been signed in 2004 and this Agreement effective from 1 January 2006. All countries of South Asia agree on free trade across their boundaries, then a new chapter of peace and cooperation has started in this area.
Role Of Nepal And India In Tiger Project
Tiger is an important wild animal in the wildlife structure. In 1973 the authorities found that at the beginning of the 20th century the number of tigers has decreased from the estimated number of 55,000 to just 1,827.
Nepal and India provide home and food to two-thirds of the world’s tigers, so the country is victims of hunting, theft and illegal trade. “Project Tiger is one of the best wildlife projects in the world and It started in 1973. Initially, it was very successful because the number of tigers increased to 4,002 in 1985 and to 4,334 in 1989.
Buddhism In Nepal
Buddhism has special significance for Nepal and it is the second big religion in Nepal. Nepal is the birthplace of Mahatma Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha or Gautam Buddha was born in a place called Lumbini So it is a pilgrim place for Buddhists.
Nepal First Female President: Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Vidya Bhandari was born on 19th June 1961 in Bhojpur of Nepal. Bidya Devi Bhandari is the first female president of Nepal and former defence minister in Nepal’s defence ministry. She has been the leader of the former Nepali politician and Communist Party of Nepal. She was elected president by defeating Kul Bahadur Gurung by getting 327 votes out of 549.
1. During the reign of which ruler did Buddhism arrive in Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – ASHOK
2. Sharda dam is created by whom?
CORRECT ANSWER – India’s Nepal Cooperation Project
3. What is the currency of Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Nepalese Rupee(Rupiah)
4. Which country’s national animal is ‘Holy cow’?
CORRECT ANSWER – Nepal
5. What is it that is called Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet?
CORRECT ANSWER – Everest
6. Who is the first woman president of Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Vidya Devi Bhandari
7. In which country 13th South Asian Games to be held?
CORRECT ANSWER – Nepal
8. How many states of India share the border with Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Five
9. With which country does Nepal share its border with India?
CORRECT ANSWER – China
10. Which river originates in Nepal and meets the Ganga?
CORRECT ANSWER – Kosi
11. Which national park is the continuation of India’s Valmiki National Park in Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Chitwan National Park
12. What is the name of river ‘Gandakka’ in Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Narayani
14. What is the popular name of the world’s highest peak ‘Mount Everest’ in Nepal?
CORRECT ANSWER – Sagarmatha
15. Madhesi tribe related to which country?
CORRECT ANSWER – Nepal
16. Where is the highest peak of the Himalaya Mountains?
CORRECT ANSWER – In Nepal
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