150,000 people die every year in road accidents In a huge country like India. A report reveals that every minute in the country is facing a serious road accident and every four minutes a person dies in a road accident. Two-wheeler account for 25% of total road deaths in India.
The Modi Government introduced the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill in Parliament in 2016 in a direction to control the destruction on roads and highways. It introduced strict fines for traffic crimes.
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill Proposals
- Formulation of a National Transportation Policy.
- Setting up a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund.
- Scheme to provide cashless medical treatment to the injured within the first hour of a road accident.
- Deaths in hit-and-run cases: Compensation of Rs 2 lakh or more to victim’s family.
- Offences by juveniles: Guardian shall be deemed guilty; fine of Rs 25,000 with 3 years imprisonment; juvenile to be tried under the JJ Act.
- Protection of Good Samaritans
Indian Traffic Rules And Fines 2018
|Offence||New Fines List 2018|
|Driving Without Permit||Up to Rs. 10,000|
|Drink driving||Rs 10,000|
|Rash driving||Rs 5,000|
|Driving without a licence||Rs 5,000|
|Not wearing seatbelt/helmet||Rs 1,000|
|Talking on a mobile phone while driving||Rs 5,000|
|Overloading Two-wheelers||Rs. 2000|
|Driving Without Car or Two Wheeler Insurance||Rs. 2,000|
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill Provisions
- Aadhaar mandatory for getting a driving licence and vehicle registration.
- New categories to issue driving licenses.
- Licence valid for 10 years if received between the ages of 30 and 50.
- If the licence is issued between 50 and 55 years, it will be valid until the person turns 60.
- Above 55 years, licences to carry a five-year validity.
- Time limit for renewal of driving licence increased from one month to one year before and after the expiry date.
- Mandatory to alter vehicles to make them suitable for specially-abled people.
Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 History
- The act came into force from 1 July 1989.
- The act replaces Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.
- Motor Vehicles Act, 1939 replaces the Motor Vehicles Act, 1914.
- Amended several times to keep it up to date.
- Act amended four times, in 1994, 2000, 2001 and 2015
- Act again amended in 2016.
- Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2016 introduced in Lok Sabha on August 9, 2016.
- Passed in Lok Sabha on April 10, 2017.
- Bill renamed as the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
- Bill referred to Rajya Sabha Select Committee on August 8, 2017.
- Select Committee tabled its report on December 22, 2017.
Road Accidents Statics In India
Sc Committee Report On Road Safety
- 2017 saw a 3% decline in road accident deaths.
- The decline in figures in Punjab, West Bengal and Gujarat.
- Rise in figures in Bihar, U.P., Odisha and M.P.
Cause Of Raod Mishaps
- Distractions to driver
- Red light jumping
- Avoiding safety gears
- Drunken driving
- Driving without a helmet
- Non-use of seat-belts
- Allowing children to drive
- Driving under influence of alcohol
- Use of mobile while driving
- Overloading in vehicles
- Driving despite exhaustion
Road Safety Worldwide Figure
- International Road Federation: Road accidents claim 12 Lakh lives every year.
- Accidents directly impact 50 lakh people.
- Property worth over $12 lakh crore destroyed in accidents.
- WHO: By 2030 road accidents will become a fifth biggest reason for deaths globally.
- By 2020, road accidents will because of over 19 lakh deaths every year.