National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA is launched its new mission Insight Mars Lander on Mars, NASA is sending a robotic geologist with this mission, which will be able to excavate the highest depth and send the information related to Mars’s temperature to Earth.
इस पेज को पूरा पढने में आपको 5 मिनट और 35 सेकंड का समय लगेगा और आप इनसाइट मार्स मिशन के बारे सभी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी इकट्ठा कर लेंगे –
समय तो बहत है, लेकिन फ़ालतू का नहीं –विलियम शेक्सपियर
Mars InSight mission for current affairs it is the latest effort of the space agency to explore the Red planet about 814 million dollar project will attempt to increase human knowledge of Mars interior conditions. Mars formation had been at the same time of earth’s formation 4.5 billion years ago.
This mission name is INSIGHT, the full form of Insight is Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport. The Solar and battery powered Mars Lander is designed to operate for 26 months on the Mars. The Mars Insight mission has been launched from the Vandenberg Air Force base in California but in the past days, U.S.A launches its most of the rocket from the Kennedy Space Center this is the first time when America launched a space mission from the Vandenberg air force.
Insight Mars Mission Overview & Brief information
Insight will find tectonically current activity on the Red Planet, including where seismic activities are happening and how frequently meteorites slam into its surface of Mars. The Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure will detect seismic waves from meteorite impacts, magma movements inside the planet or marsquakes. This InSight will collect the information of Rotation and Interior Structure of Mars.
Gk Quiz On InSight Mars Mission In Hindi Part -1
Red planet (Mars) is the fourth planet in our solar system and it comes after Earth. Mars named comes from the Roman God of War.it is the most visible planet in the night sky sometimes it came to very close to the Earth. according to NASA, the distance to Mars from Earth is 225 million kilometres NASA, however, the distance is constantly changing the minimum distance is about 54.6 million kilometres the farthest is about 401 million kilometre. After the invention of Telescope (Take a quick look at Telescope Invention) by Galileo, the scenario of discovery related to cosmos totally changed. In the begging of cosmology, many curious people think that earth is the centre of our galaxy but Johannes Kepler proved that the sun is situated in the centre of our solar system in 1611.Invention Of Telescope Overview
- German-Dutch lensmaker Hans Lippershey designed a telescope in 1608
- Galileo improved on it & used it for astronomical observation in 1609
- Johannes Kepler invented an improved version of Galileo’s design in 1611
Human is all curious to know about solar system but Interest in the Mars is as old as the history of Civilization with its surface patterns and curious geological formation marks are being a subject of immense fascination. However, it was in the 15 century the people started attempts to create many tools like a telescope. Mission to Mars has started from 1960, Russia first mission to Mars had launched in 1960 but spacecraft did not reach Earth orbit.
Some Unique Information About Mars
After the Mars Insight mission launched 5 may 2018, there is a high probability of questions being asked in the UPSC, SSC, BSSC & Bank as current affairs question in Prelims examination. Olympus Mons is the largest volcano of our solar system and Valles Marineris consider as one of the largest canyons of our solar system both are situated on the Red Planet.
About The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3)
What is Hp3 Or The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe? This technology will conduct the first extraterrestrial heat flow measurement since Apollo moon mission. This new science will use in inSight mars lander mission 2018 for conductivity, temperature and temperature thermal, surface brightness measurements to determine the Mars’ heat flux.
A Brief Infomation Of Planet Mars Or Red Planet
- Olympus Mons, largest volcano and the second-highest mountain of our solar system is situated on the Mars.
- One of the largest canyons Valles Marineris is on the Mars.
- Rotational period of the Mars and seasonal cycles similar to the Earth.
- Mars Can be seen from Earth’s surface with naked eyes.
- Mars is approximately half the diameter of Earth.
- Less dense than Earth
- Large and heavier than Mercury
- Average distance from the Sun to Mars is 230 million kilometres.
- The Mars’ orbital period is 687 Earth days.
- One spin on axis – 1 day
- Number of moons – 02
Purpose And Benefits Of InSight Mars Mission Current affairs 2018
Here we discuss the main purpose of inSight mars mission for our upcoming competitive examination 2018 like Upsc, ssc & and Bank in perspective of current affairs. The purpose which makes this mission different from previous Mars mission is InSight mission 2018 will examine the interior of Mars including seismic activity, magma movements, marsquakes, Mars Surface components for collection these type of information The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe (HP3) will burrow about 5 meters into the surface of Red Plante.
|S.N||InSight Mission To Mars 2018||Important Date|
|2||InSingt Mars Mission launch date is||5 may 2018|
|3||landing date of InSight Mars Mission||26 November 2018|
|4||landing date of InSight Mars Mission||26 November 2018|
|5||InSight Mars Mission 2018 will Examine||the interior of the Red Planet|
|6||InSight Lander has three instruments designed to||look at the deep interior of Mars|
|7||The Heat Flow and Physical Properties Probe or HP3 will burrow about||5 meters or 16 feet into the surface of Red Planet|
|8||InSight current mission 2018 will Provide information about the composition of||the Martian core|
A Brief History Of Mars Mission
Mars history starts with Mariner 4 space mission which was launched by NASA in 1965 and after Russia’s first mission to Mars in 1960, a new chapter has begun of Mars mission between the superpowers of the world USSR and U.S.A. Mars Express was the first Mars mission of European Space Agency to the Red planet in 2003. In 2014 a dark horse(India) come out in the space race, India Fourth country to send a mission to Mars and First Asian country to send such -a mission. India had succeeded in the first attempt while America had taken 6 attempts to reach Mars orbit.
Mars Mission Full History For Examination Overview List
|S.No.||Mars Mission History||Year|
|1||Russia’s first mission to Mars but Spacecraft did not reach Earth orbit||1960|
|2||Russia’s Mars 2 was launched on and this time orbiter was successful||1971|
|3||NASA successfully lands Mariner||1965|
|4||NASA’s second mission Mariner 9 successful but it is lost in a dust storm on the Mars||1971|
|5||NASA’s Viking mission launched||1975|
|6||NASA sends first robotic to explore the Mars named aircraft-Mars Global Surveyor||1996|
|7||NASA’s send Mars Pathfinder lands on Mars||1997|
|8||NASA’s Mars Odyssey Robotics Spacecraft launched||2001|
|9||European Space Agency sends Mars Express||2003|
|10||Mangalyaan 1 successfully launched||2014|
Gk Quiz On Mars Mission In Hindi Part – 2
Humanitarian Efforts – Discovering The Universe
Copernicus said the Earth is not in the centre of the universe In the 16th century and Galileo Galilei made his first telescope in 1609 and found there are stars beyond stars in the sky while Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno claimed the sky is infinite. Astronomers knew the size, weight and distance of many stars in the 19th century and Edmund Fornier of Ireland declared that many galaxies exist in the galaxy.
It will very helpful to students if they try to write something about Mars because many questions will be asked in your up-coming competitive examination mainly for UPSC paper. Some questions are asked below these questions are from NCERT books comment your answer.
1. How is our atmosphere different from the atmospheres on Venus
2. How does the atmosphere act as a blanket?
3. Asteroids are found between the orbits of
(i) Saturn and Jupiter (ii) Mars and Jupiter (iii) The Earth and Mars