Water scarcity in India
The average annual rainfall in India is 1170 millimetres, which is about 6 times higher than West America, Despite this, 9.7 crore people in urban areas do not get clean drinking water.
In rural areas, 70 percent of people are forced to drink polluted water, while 33 crore people of India are forced to live in such a place where severe drought come every year.
In India 85 percent water consumption in agriculture 10% in industries and 5 % water using houses, According to the World Bank, water demand in India will be double than the total supply by 2030.
Availability of water to India-
In 1994, the presence of water was 6000 cubic meters per person, in 2000 it was 3000 cubic meters per person, by 2025 its availability is expected to decrease only 1600 cubic meters per person.
Water Consumption in India-
Delhi is the first place in the world to consume water, consumption of water here is 272 litre each person daily.
There is no solid water conservation policy in the country, Millions of gallons of water are wasted every day due to disturbances in the distribution network in cities. 65 percent of the rain in the entire country flows down into the sea, 400,000 litres of water is released daily in dirty Nallahs, but only 20 percent of this can be used again.
If 5 percent of the total rainfall of India will be secured than one year need of water will full fill easily for 100 crore people.
If people were wasting the water with such negligence, then 12- 13 years later the world would become dry state and war will begin for water, according to the United Nations, after 2030, the current amount of drinking water in the world will remain only 60%.
Water Availity in world
70% of the earth is filled with water but only 3% water is sweet and clear for drinking Out of this, 2% is frozen in the ice, i.e. only 1% water is in rivers and lakes.
In the absence of drinking water, 2300 people die every day worldwide.
Increasing Demand for water
In the last 50 years, the population of the world has almost tripled, during this time consumption of water has increased by 800 percent, At present, only China needs 7 million cubic meters of fresh water every day, according to the United Nations, world human population will be 9.1 billion by 2050.