In the last few decades, the country has made a lot of economic progress. but the development of health scale still controversial issue.
It is not that healthy cases have not been improved, In the case of health, life expectancy has increased by 10 years between 91 to 2015.
“Healthy States, Progressive India” Report 2018
Infant mortality rate is reduced to half, the Maternal mortality rate has decreased by more than 7 percent.
India is moving ahead in all such health standards, but Today, non-communicable diseases are responsible for 66% of the deaths in the country.
Heath is subject to state, therefore, NITI Ayog worked, about 18 months to increase the awareness and responsibilities of health among the states and increase the competition between them.
NITI Ayog released the Healthy States Progressive India Report, NITI Ayog’s CEO Amitabh Kant released this report: In this report, the states of the country have been given points according to the health category.
Current situation in Indian hospitals
The report says that on the basis of the previous ranking, many states have done better while many states have a lot of work to do now.
We are living in new India, new challenges are also new to health in India, because health is the subject matter of states, if the states do not take a proper step toward health, then the central plans will be destroyed at the grassroots level.
The Commission had divided the states into three categories for this, in First class, big 21 states were included, the second category consists of small states, which include 8 states, and the third category was involved all seven Union Territories.
The reports have been assessed the performance of the states between 2014-2015 and 2015-2016.
First of all, talk about big states, for the better performance in health services, Kerala stood first with 76.55 points, Punjab with 65.21 points, Tamil Nadu achieved the third position with 63.38 points.
Talking about small states, Mizoram was in the first place with 73.70 in terms of better performance, Manipur achieved second with 57.78 points, Meghalaya remained third with 56.83 points.
Similarly, in the Union Territories, with 65.7 Laxchdeep got first place, with 52.27 marks Chandigarh got second and with 50.02 points Delhi stood the third place.
According to the Health Index report, the State and Union Territories which are engaged in improving health services are making good progress on an annual basis, But there are also many states that have gone further in health standards in 2015-16 than 2014 15.
The Health Index released by the NITI Ayog has been prepared on the basis of 24 health standards, in these health standards, many states have performed better in different categories, while the situation is worrying in some states.
Budget 2018 health sector
An important standard is the newborn mortality rate in which the child dies within 28 days of birth, in this case, Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu are the three best states and Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa worst-affected.
In the past few decades, we have made a lot of progress in the economic sector but still far behind in the health sector, in its survey, the NITI Ayog has included all the 29 states and seven union territories of the country.
The current population of the country is around 130 million at this time, but there is a huge shortage of doctors and health personnel in terms of population.
According to National Health Profiles 2017, there is only one government allopathic doctor on every 10000 people in the country, Only 10 percent of the total available allopathic doctors are in government health services.
At the present time, India needs more than 7 lakh doctors, but only 30000 thousand doctors are coming from all medical academic institutions.
NITI Ayog Current CEO
According to the Health Ministry, one-third of the allopathic doctors in the country are 12th pass, and 57% of the doctors who are practising in the country have not received any medical degree.
There are many who have achieved a degree, but they do not even have basic knowledge of the diseases, apart from doctors, there is also a severe shortage of paramedical staff nursing and technicians.
The government has approved the private sector to open hospitals and medical colleges, but these institutes are seeking more profit than service, recently, a number of cases came to light where the hospitals unable to provide the right treatment and received a huge amount from the people.
The private hospital is out of reach of common man, health insurance is not on the tip of every man, and government services fail to provide people’s needs.
India does not spend more than 1.2 percent of its GDP on the health sector, on the other hand, there are countries like the US that are spending 17.9% of GDP in the health sector.
In this year’s budge 2018, provision of Rs 54667 crores has been allocated for Health Sector which is 11.83 more than last year, for the current situation it is inadequate, huge investment is needed to improve health services in the country.
Medical tourism is increasing in India, thousands of people from all over the world are coming to India for cheap treatment every year, It is obvious that this treatment is cheap for them but also very expensive for the common people of India.
why developed countries’ people are coming to India for medical treatment?
Many private hospitals in India attract foreign patients in large numbers, cheap cuisine, and cheaper hotels than Europe and America, due to the availability of latest medical technology equipment and the convenience of language, India is becoming a preferred destination for foreign patients, more than 500,000 foreigners coming to India for treatment every year.
Because of this, people from all Asian countries, even Pakistan and war-torn Afghanistan, are turning to India for their health needs.
Due to the continuous medical tourism, many native foreign investors are attracting towards the health sector, according to the CII, the health sector’s business of India at the current time is 100 billion US dollars, it is growing at around 23 percent and it is estimated to reach 27,500 US dollars by 2030.
But these five-star hospitals are out of reach of ordinary Indians, more than two-thirds of the population is not able to afford the cost of treatment in five-star hospitals.
Less than 15 percent of the country’s population have health insurance.
In terms of population, there are 1800000 more beds need in Indian hospitals, to achieve the health sector’s needs, there is a need of an investment of at least US $ 86 billion, it is not easy to reduce the difficulties of India people.