Heath and economy have a direct correlation as the economy of a country improve the health of its citizens improved and vice versa. so for any country to progress it important that its citizens remain healthy, live longer and a more productive.
But the present health situation is a challenge for India. despite being one of the fastest growing economies in the world India’s public health care system is in the state of crisis. According to the National Health profile 2017 the country has just a little over 1 million allopathic doctors to treat a population of 1.3 billion people.
According to the World Health Organisation, only 1/5 doctor in rural areas is qualified to practice medicine. Modi government ambitious Health Scheme Ayushman Bharat is implemented successfully the National Health Protection Scheme will cover over 11 crores poor and vulnerable family.
|Steps Initiated By Modi Government To Improve Healthcare Service|
|Ayushman Bharat Yojana-National Health Protection Mission Agency to be formed.|
|States to be asked to implement scheme through State Health Agency.|
|The state can also set up a new agency.|
|State schemes to be implemented through an insurance company, an agency or integrated model.|
- Ayushman Bharat Yojana 2018
- Health Care Current Situation In India
- Ayushman Bharat Yojana In Details
- Features Of This Yojana
- Joseph William Bhore Committee Report On Health-care
- Ayushman Bharat Yojana In Hindi
- Ayushman Bharat Yojana For Upsc
- Package Details Under Aayushman Bharat Yojana
- How Government Will Be Arrange Money For This Yojana
- National Sample Survey Office Report
- How To apply online
- Ayushman Bharat Yojana Registration
- Official website
Ayushman Bharat Yojana 2018
This Ayushman Bharat Yojana will provide coverage of 5 lakh rupees per family- per year. in this post, we read about various features of the centrally sponsored scheme the implementation strategy of the Modi government to maximize impact and the various challenges faces to make the program a success.
The Modi government Healthcare initiative Ayushman Bharat is going to play a vital role in improving healthcare and the access to it across the nation. this Yojana will be most beneficial to the weaker sections of the society. The poor condition of healthcare in the country is not a secret especially in India’s villages where the infrastructure is in a dilapidated state.
The growing population and lack of resources have made matters worsed. according to the 2011 census, India’s population is over 1.2 billion the second largest population in the world after China. many organisations including the United Nations have estimated that by 2025 India will be the most populated nation in the world surpassing China and that will definitely need Healthcare services.
|Ayushman Bharat For A New India 2022|
|1.Health and Wellness Centre|
|2.National Health Protection Scheme|
|1.5 lakh health centres to be set up by 2022|
|Centres to provide comprehensive health care|
|Free essential drugs and diagnostic services|
|Rs 1200 crore allocated for health centres|
|National Health Protection Scheme|
|To cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families.|
|Provide coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalisation.|
Health Care Current Situation In India
India ranks high in the list of the illest nation. on an average, every 5th patient in the world is an Indian. the number of malnourished children in India is more than that in Africa. a large part of countries population suffers from anaemia. more than 32% of total deaths in India occur due to heart-related elements. according to the “Global burden of disease study“, India’s ranking in the Healthcare index is 154 out of 194 countries. but despite this budget allotment on Healthcare services is extremely low. India spends less than 2% of its GDP on public healthcare but now the government is working towards improving Public Health Care Services.
|India’s Healthcare Statistics|
|Every fifth patient in the world is an Indian.|
|Most number of malnourished children.|
|A large percentage of the population suffers from Anaemia.|
|Over 32% of total deaths due to heart-related ailments.|
|India ranked low in the Healthcare Index at 154.|
Ayushman Bharat Yojana In Details
The National Health protection mission OR Ayushman Bharat Yojana launched by the Modi government is the first major step in this direction. Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a program which aims to create a healthy and capable new India. it will also focus on the poor and weaker sections of the society. it aims to provide Insurance of 5 lakh rupees to each family.
On the 1st of February, this year finance minister Arun Jaitley unveiled the world’s largest government-funded Health Programme it was called the National Health protection scheme Or the Ayushman Bharat Yojana. In Union budget presentation this flagship scheme aims to benefit more than 37 % of the population meaning near the old poor and vulnerable families in the country will be covered. the government will be required12000 crore rupees for its implementation which will be shared on a 60:40 basis between Central and state government.
Public healthcare in India has been a problem area for a long time. Despite vast population, India spends only 2% of its GDP on public healthcare which is one of the lowest in the world.
Since Independence, a number of health schemes announced for the poor and the marginalised but none of them have a “confidence-inducing record.” But this graph will be changed soon because the current government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced in ambitious Health Insurance Scheme in its annual budget.
Ayushman Bharat will assure the health insurance cover up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year to 500 million and vulnerable, it will be the world’s largest government formed in Healthcare program.
Features Of This Yojana
Ayushman Bharat also known as the National Health protection and this scheme has twin mission. the first is to create a network of Health and Wellness Centre that will bring the Healthcare system closer to the people. these centres will provide comprehensive Health Care including treatment for non-communicable diseases and maternal and Child Health Services. besides, it will also provide free essential drug and Diagnostic services for poor. 1200 crore rupees have been allocated for this flagship programme.
The second flagship programme under the Ayushman Bharat is the National Health Protection Scheme. it will cover over 11 crores of the poor and vulnerable family is providing coverage 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary Care Hospitalization. the government said these two Healthcare sector initiatives under the Ayushman Bharat programme will be the new India by the year 2022 and ensure enhance productivity, well being. The government also said that the Ayushman Bharat Yojana will also generate lakhs of jobs, particularly for women.
The Ayushman Bharat Yojana was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the 14th of April this year in Chhattisgarh Bijapur. the Prime Minister inaugurated the first health centre under the scheme in this Naxal affected district in Bastar region. Under Ayushman Bharat Yojana the government aims to set up 1.5 Lakh Wellness centres across the country by 2022. Here is a list of opened Wellness centres under Ayushman Bharat Yojana 2018.
|List Of Opened Health And Wellness Centre|
|1.Ayushman Hospital Sector 14-D, Hisar, Haryana – 125001|
|2.Ayushman Hospital C-Sector, Shahpura, Shahpura Lake, Dhaulpur, Rajasthan – 328001|
|3.Ayushman Hospital And Trauma Centre 37, Mil Stone Hero Honda Chowk, Gurgaon, Haryana – 122001|
|4.Ayushman Poly Clinic – Ghaziabad Shanti Nagar, Bus Stand, Loni Road, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh – 201001|
|5.Ayushman Hospital Bhona Road, Sood Colony, Bazpur, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand – 262401|
|6.Ayushman Medicare Centre 53 A(6), Chandra Nagar, Lal Bangla, Kanpur Nagar, Uttar Pradesh – 208007|
|7.Ayushman Hospital & Maternity Centre Near Anta Chauraha, Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh – 242001|
|8.Ayushman Hospital Behind Ram Raja Mandir Laxmipura, Lalitpur, Uttar Pradesh – 284403|
These centres would be equipped to treat most of the diseases including blood pressure, diabetes, cancer and old days of illness. the centre is also included 1354 packages in its ambitious National Health protection Mission under which treatment for coronary bypass, knee replacements and stenting among are there would be provided at 15 to 20% cheaper rates in Central Government Health Scheme.
The National Health protection mission will subsume the ongoing centrally sponsored schemes Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana and the senior citizen Health Insurance Scheme.
Lakhs of people lose their lives every year because they don’t get the right treatment at the right time that’s making imperative for changes to be made in this sector.
Joseph William Bhore Committee Report On Health-care
In 1946 the health survey and development committee headed by Sir Joseph William Bhore was formed to chat of course for public health investment and infrastructure in India. the committee advocated free Health Services to all citizens by the state.
It recommended that the government must make at least one Primary Health Centre for every 40,000 people. the committee also recommended a 75-bed hospital for every one lakh population. 50-bed hospital for every 30 Primary Health Centre. 2400-bed hospital and Medical college at each district headquarter. in addition, the committee emphasizes the need to create and run special programs against tuberculosis, Malaria cholera and vector-borne diseases. the committee set at least 15% of the government budget should be spent on public health programs but even after 70 years of Independence to the Bhore committee recommendations are yet to be fully executed.
Ayushman Bharat Yojana In Hindi
If you want to read Ayushman Bharat Yojana in hindi then search on Gkpadho we have written all information related to this yojana in hindi also. for better understanding for a hindi medium student, it will be better to read this whole article in hindi.
Ayushman Bharat Yojana For Upsc
In 2008 the UPA government implemented the National Health Insurance Scheme which provided medical coverage worth 3 lakh rupees to a family of 5 members working in the unorganised sector. similar schemes also introduced at the state level but none of these schemes for a particular standard. the objective of the National Health protection mission launched by the Modi government is to standardise all the schemes to provide the same level of treatment to the people. the Ayushman Bharat Yojana also aims to improve coverage and recharge a large number of people.
The government claim that treatment under the National Health Protection Scheme will be affordable by the common man. Ayushman Bharat Yojanapopularly referred to as Modicare will offer 20% lower rate that even the Central Government Health Scheme rate.
For medical procedures in the country, the health ministry has prepared a rate list of 1354 packages which will be covered under the National Health Protection Scheme.
The packages will be cover 23 special diseases like cardiology, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, neurology and oncology the rates of the packages have been finalized after analysing The Central Government Ayushman Bharat Yojana rate under on an average 15 to 20% lower than that of CGHS.
Package Details Under Aayushman Bharat Yojana
The implementation of the new Ayushman Bharat Yojana will at an approximate cost of 11000 crore rupees every year on the exchequer with an estimated cost of ensuring each family at about 1100 rupees.
Under the scheme, a rate card has been issued for several common procedures. for instance, the government has fixed the rate of vertebral angioplasty with a double stand at sixty-five thousand rupees similarly the price for total knee replacement is fixed at 80000 rupees. A full list of treatment under Aayushman Bharat Yojana given below.
In order to increase the number of empanelled private hospitals under NHPS, the health ministry will also provide incentives of up to 30% in private hospitals. the government is confident the treatment under the Ayushman Bharat Yojana will be very cheap. under the Yojana, the central government will also add Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana and the senior citizen Health Insurance Scheme. the government is also planning to link the scheme with Aadhaar to keep a check on frauds.
Ever since the announcement of the Health Insurance scheme under Ayushman Bharat does mean a lot of discussion about how it will be implemented. the critics of the policy site lack of basic infrastructure and fund while the government claims that necessary homework has been done and it will bring Revolutionary changes in the country is the health system.
How Government Will Be Arrange Money For This Yojana
Providing Health Insurance of up to 5 lakh rupees to 50 crore people in a vast country like India is indeed a daunting task. the critics of the Ayushman Bharat Yojana want to know how the government plans to raise the money needed to implement the Ayushman Bharat Yojana on such a large scale. however, they got it seems confident and plants to use the amount generated from one per cent increase in the cess tax on health and education. .it is estimated that the government will raise around 11000 crore rupees from the one per cent cess.
The second question about the scheme is the lack of basic Infrastructure. Critics believe that less than 1 and a half per cent of the countries GDP is being spent on the health sector which creates and uncertainty about the program. however, the government says that the expenditure on health services will increase after the scheme is implemented. a draft has been prepared for the national level the Ayushman Bharat National Health protection mission will be established. the government will also advise state to implement the Ayushman Bharat Yojana through a dedicated State Health agency that is SHA. the state can also set up a new agency apart from the existing trust, Society is non-profit companies or state nodal Agencies. state schemes not be implemented through insurance companies or through an agency and integrated model.
National Sample Survey Office Report
A large part of India’s population lives below the poverty line. NSSO statistics show that over the last 10 years the cost of hospitalization has gone up by 300%. A rural household spends 68% of their family income or saving on treating illness while 25% of the expenditure is arranged through borrowing. Urban families spend 75% of the savings on Hospital expenses borrowing the rest of the 18%. the government claims that the new Health Insurance Scheme will help people save money.
How To apply online
If you want to apply online for insurance under new Ayushman Bharat Yojana 2018 then you have to wait some days more. This yojana may be launched in up-coming 15 August or 2 October. for applying this yojana you have to go on official website of NHPS for Signup. This whole process will be online, the offline application form will be not published. It will be better than you will apply online instead of downloading application form offline.
Ayushman Bharat Yojana Registration
Registration for Ayushman Bharat Yojana will be begun from 15 August 2018. for registration, you have to know something that will help you in this process. keep your families member details before applying for Ayushman Bharat Yojana many questions will be asked related to your family details. In registration online application form you have to write all information correctly others wise your application form will be dismissed.
https://www.nhp.gov.in is the official website of Ayushman Bharat Yojana for more details about applying online, registration, application form you have to visit this website.